indications surgery

Distal Radius Fracture

Epidemiology

 

2 groups

 

1.  Elderly

- low velocity injury

- osteoporotic

- need to start bisphosphonates

 

2.  Young patients

- high velocity injury

 

Anatomy

 

Distal Radius Angles

- radial volar tilt 11°

- radial inclination  22°

- radius is 11 mm longer than ulna 

- ulna variance 2mm positive on average

 

Clavicle Fractures

Clavicle Fracture Displaced

Mechanism

 

Usually a direct blow 

- less commonly a fall on the outstretched hand

 

RTA / sporting accidents commonest causes

 

Can be pathological as a result of radionecrosis

- eg following radiotherapy for breast cancer.  

 

Incidence

 

Fractures of the clavicle are common

B Management Options

NHx

 

Natural History of ACL deficient knee is variable

- functional instability 15% - 90%

- progression to OA is variable

 

Depends on level of patient demands / activity

 

1.  Late meniscal injury in ACL deficient knee

 

15-25%

 

2.  Function

 

Daniels Am J Sports Med 1994

- 292 ACL defecients knees